Each screen has a purpose, for example to assess mobility and stability
somewhere in the body. It is important for the trainer to do these screens as
often as possible, to as many different people as possible. There is no such
thing as knowing "exactly" what the client needs to work on just by observing
them doing one movement. You as the trainer must do hundreds of screens to
start understanding movement patterns, as well as learn more about the
interrelationships of these gross moves. It is recommended that the trainer
take workshops such as Introduction to Reebok Reactive Neuromuscular Training
(RNT) to understand more of movement screening.
It is not necessary for the client to warm up before doing these screens, as the
goal is to assess movement patterns as the client does them normally. There is
also no extra resistance that is being added to the client's body. If desired,
a few minutes of full body movements is acceptable.
All of the screens are shown using a dowel. This is to give you an added line of
vision as your client does the movement. A light bar or broomstick would work
the same way. One of the screens uses tape, although the trainer is encouraged
to be creative when doing the screens if necessary. It is our goal at Reebok
University to have personal trainers also become more skilled at observing
movements without additional tools.
Scoring the Screens
Reebok University has developed a simple tool with which to score the screens.
Each screen gives you criteria that are necessary in order for the client to
receive a score of 2. If you do not see your client achieving these criteria,
then you score the screen a 1. You are encouraged to record your own notes
regarding your observations. If the client reports pain and/or discomfort in
any of the joints while doing the movements or holding the postures, you should
score a 0 and re-evaluate the readiness of the client to do these or any
movements and/or exercises before seeking medical attention. These screens
should only be done after the client has already successfully completed
traditional assessments and health history.
Cue the client to perform each of the screens up to three times relatively
slowly. Observe to see if the client achieves the necessary criteria to score a
2. If not, the score should be 1. We have explained a thought process to
evaluate what you may see during the movements. This is a condensed explanation
of the most common compensations or observations when the client does not score
a 2. If the screen requires both legs to move independently of each other, then
each side should be scored separately. The lower score would be the total score
for that screen, and you are encouraged to record any notes you may think
apply. Corrective exercises and stretches are suggested to address the
potential reasons you scored 2 instead of 1.
Corrective exercises are designed to help the body learn a movement pattern. You
can determine whether your client needs an exercise by how difficult the
exercise is for him to perform. You can determine whether your client needs
stretching by assessing the range of motion around the joint, and if the
muscles stretching are too short, limiting the passive range of motion.
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