Subject: ScienceDirect - Gait & Posture : Centre of mass motion during stair negotiation in young and older men









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Gait & Posture

Volume 26, Issue 3, September 2007, Pages 463-469

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Copyright © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Centre of mass  motion during stair negotiation in young and older men

Omar S. Mian, Marco V. Narici, Alberto E. Minetti and Vasilios Baltzopoulos

Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire ST7 2HL, United Kingdom

Institute of Human Physiology I, Faculty of Medicine, University of Milan, Via Mangiagalli 32, 20133 Milano, Italy

Received 3 July 2006;  revised 6 November 2006;  accepted 12 November 2006.  Available online 8 December 2006. 



The aim of this study was to compare  centre of mass  (COM) motion and its separation from  centre  of pressure (COP) as 13 young men (aged 23–36 years) and 15 healthy, community dwelling older men (aged 73–84 years) ascended and descended a three step staircase at a controlled cadence of approximately 90 steps/min.  Centre of mass  was obtained from whole body motion analysis, and simultaneously, COP was obtained using force plates built into the steps. The following variables were investigated: medio-lateral COM range of motion; peak antero-posterior and medio-lateral COM–COP separation; and peak antero-posterior, medio-lateral, and vertical COM velocities. No significant differences in these variables between young men and older men were present during ascent or descent. It was concluded that frontal plane dynamic stability during stair negotiation is well maintained in healthy older men, and that healthy older men do not exhibit an altered strategy in traversing the COM in the plane of progression during stair negotiation.

Keywords: Staircase; Gait; Elderly; Ageing; Mobility

Article Outline

1. Introduction

2. Methods

2.1. Experimental protocol

2.2. Data collection and processing

2.3. Data analysis

2.4. Statistics

3. Results

3.1. Status of participants

3.2. Main experiment

4. Discussion

4.1. Frontal plane motion

4.2. Sagittal plane motion

4.3. Comments, limitations and conclusions



Gait & Posture

Volume 26, Issue 3, September 2007, Pages 463-469

Result list | previous < 23 of 104 > next 





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