Detecting differences between asymptomatic and osteoarthritic gait is influenced by changing the knee adduction moment model

Robyn S. Newella, Cheryl L. Hubley-Kozeya, b, William D. Stanishc and Kevin J. Deluzioa, c,  ,  
aSchool of Biomedical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
bSchool of Physiotherapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
cDepartment of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
Received 4 October 2006;  revised 27 February 2007;  accepted 11 June 2007.  Available online 30 August 2007.



The adduction moment measured at the knee during gait is important to the study of osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of describing the knee adduction moment using three different biomechanical models, and furthermore, how the choice of model affects differences that are identified between asymptomatic and osteoarthritic gait.


Gait was measured for 44 asymptomatic subjects and 44 subjects with moderate osteoarthritis. The adduction moment was calculated and compared using three common biomechanical models: a 2D coordinate system, a 3D tibial coordinate system, and a 3D floating axis coordinate system. Several portions of the gait cycle waveform were compared between the two groups.

Results and discussion

It was found that the choice of biomechanical model changes the overall magnitude and shape of the adduction moment waveform (maximum value changed 8–14% and peak value changed 5–17%). Significant differences between the study groups were found for each model applied; but more importantly, the portions of the gait cycle exhibiting the differences depended on the model.


These findings support the importance of specifying the knee model and waveform feature used to compare asymptomatic and osteoarthritic groups. The overall magnitude of the adduction moment throughout stance, and the mid-stance adduction moment value were found to differentiate between the two groups regardless of the adduction moment model.

Keywords: Adduction moment; Knee osteoarthritis; Biomechanical model; Waveform features; Gait analysis

 Corresponding author at: Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, 130 Stuart Street, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6 Canada. Tel.: +1 613 533 2578; fax: +1 902 533-6489.

Gait & Posture 

Volume 27, Issue 3, April 2008, Pages 485-492

Result list |  previous  < 9 of 5,752 >  next 





My Settings




About ScienceDirect  |  Contact Us  |  Terms & Conditions  |  Privacy Policy


Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.